Weapon Systems

U.S. Special Operations Command to Use Precision-Strike Surveillance Aircraft

The U.S. Special Operations Command (SOCOM) is planning to offer war commanders an armed surveillance aircraft option to support ground troops. The “armed overwatch” plane will come equipped with laser-guided rockets and Hellfire missiles.

Fewer ground troops will need to be sent into the enemy fire if an armed surveillance plane can locate and attack enemy fighters. Such an “armed overwatch” aircraft can act as an intelligence node capable of sending troop movements data and targeting information. Fighters often hide in buildings, requiring precision strikes. Air support in counterinsurgency combat can offer precision weapons based on advanced military technology such as a laser rangefinder.

Energetics Survivability and Vulnerability Weapon Systems

Information on the 5.8- x 42-mm DBP10 Round

Is there information available on the Chinese 5.8- x 42-mm round?

DSIAC was asked to find information on the Chinese 5.8- x 42-mm/DPB10 cartridge composition, lethality, armor penetration, proliferation of the round, ballistic test data, and comparisons of performance against the 5.56- x 45-mm and 7.62- x 39-mm rounds. DSIAC staff contacted the U.S. Army Combat Capabilities Development Command  Armaments Center, Product Manager Small-Caliber Ammunition; Survivability Lethality Analysis Directorate; Combatting Terrorism Technical Support Office; National Ground Intelligence Center (NGIC); Special Operations Combatant Command (USSOCOM), and small arms/lethality subject matter experts at SURVICE Engineering, NTS-Chesapeake Testing, and Phoenix Defense for relevant information. Open-source information for materials and ballistics comparisons (velocity vs. range) and classified documents with more extensive information on materials and ballistics data were provided to the inquirer.  The inquirer was also connected with an NGIC foreign weapons analyst for further discussions.

https://media.defense.gov/2018/Feb/06/2001874121/600/400/0/171103-N-DE005-014.JPG / (Photo Credit: U.S. Navy)
Advanced Materials Survivability and Vulnerability

Dahlgren Decon/Decon Green Testing & Efficacy

How efficient is Dahlgren Decon/Decon Green as a decontaminate against chemical, biological, and radioactive particles and how does it compare to DF200?

DSIAC was asked to compile all available research on Dahlgren Decon and Decon Green testing and efficacy against chemical, biological, and radioactive particles to determine the possibility of replacing the currently used standard decontaminate. DSIAC was also asked to compare Dahlgren Decon to DF200. In order to fulfill this inquiry, DSIAC staff did literature searches in the DTIC R&E Gateway and open sources for relevant research, while also identifying and contacting organizations with ties to Decon Green/Dahlgren Decon to supply information or contact information for subject matter experts such as: SURVICE Engineering, Naval Surface Warfare Center Dahlgren Division (NSWCDD), U.S. Army Research Development and Engineering Command (RDEC) Edgewood Chemical Biological Center (ECBC), Homeland Defense Information Analysis Center (HDIAC), and U.S. SOCOM. Bibliographies, subject matter expert contacts, and subsequent documents were collected and submitted to the inquirer.

Energetics Survivability and Vulnerability

High-Voltage Lithium Ion Battery Management Solutions

What commercial hardware or software applications can detect, manage, and control dangerously high voltage lithium ion battery conditions?

DSIAC staff were requested to research and compile a list of commercial hardware or software applications that detect, manage, and control abnormal and/or dangerous high voltage lithium ion battery conditions.  The inquiry was submitted to determine battery management solutions for military environments. DSIAC staff and academic subject matter experts (SMEs) with experience working advanced battery development programs performed open source research of high voltage lithium ion battery manufacturers and management systems. DSIAC identified and documented details on five battery management solutions. Additionally, an expert working in high voltage lithium ion battery design was contacted and put in communication with the inquirer. A cumulative response report was generated and submitted to the inquirer.

RMQSI Weapon Systems

Small Arms Weapons Manufacturing and Reverse Engineering

What is needed to domestically manufacture small arms weapon systems?

DSIAC staff assisted in researching and providing standards and requirements related to reverse engineering, development of Technical Data Packages, and manufacturing to be used as part of a Small Business Innovative Research package soliciting domestic manufacturing options for certain small arms threat systems.  This was the culmination of previous DSIAC research to provide an assessment of potential U.S. small and large business capabilities in this area.  The prior research assessed the technical effort required to implement the reverse engineering and manufacturing process, associated costs, and cost break points for quantity production.

Autonomous Systems Non-Lethal Weapons Weapon Systems

UAV Detect and Defeat Technology

What is the impact of a new UAV detection and defeat system?

DSIAC staff, in conjunction with the Information Analysis Center (IAC) Special Operations Command (SOCOM) Field Science & Technology Adviser (FSA), identified a newly developed unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) detection and defeat system that shows promise for cooperative operation with current improvised explosive device (IED) defeat systems and/or for use as a stand-alone combined IED / UAV defeat system.  The developer was contacted to obtain a detailed data sheet and white paper, which were provided to the Joint Improvised-Threat Defeat Organization (JIDO).  JIDO subsequently requested additional information on U.S. Government (USG) conducted testing and SOCOM interest in acquisition and/or testing.  DSIAC then coordinated with the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) and SOCOM to obtain and provide additional information to JIDO on previous and upcoming USG testing, SOCOM (and partner nation) intent to test, and an invitation for JIDO to observe upcoming testing.

Military Sensing

Small-Micro IFF Transponder Survey

What small/micro Identification, Friend or Foe (IFF) transponders could be used in small UAVs?

DSIAC worked with the Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI) and various transponder manufacturers to survey and catalog small/micro-sized IFF transponders that could be candidates for use in small (Group 1) unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). The smallest of these transponders weigh only a few ounces and occupy only a few cubic inches of volume.  DSIAC generated a response document which catalogs over 20 transponders and includes datasheets for most transponders.