Military Sensing

US Army Plans To Develop Wearable COVID-19 Symptom Detector for Soldiers

The U.S. Army is planning to use wearable COVID-19 monitors to detect whether its personnel are displaying symptoms. For this purpose, U.S. Army medical officials are asking the defense industry to develop prototypes of such wearable coronavirus monitors.

Confronted with the COVID-19 pandemic, the Army has temporarily stopped large-scale training exercises and enforced a large number of restrictions. While the Pentagon has implemented a wide range of policies and restrictions designed to limit the spread of the novel coronavirus, the pandemic has still infected as much as 5,316 Service members, according to a May 11 slide briefing of the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD).

Black Dart (Photo Credit: U.S. Army).
Autonomous Systems Survivability and Vulnerability Weapon Systems

Kinetic Counter-Unmanned Aerial Systems Feedback

Is there existing guidance or user feedback on kinetic counter-unmanned aerial systems (C-UAS)?

DSIAC was tasked with collecting information of kinetic kill C-UAS in support of the U.S. Army – specifically, user feedback on C-UAS. DSIAC contacted representatives from the Joint Integrated Air & Missile Defense Organization, Defense Threat Reduction Agency, U.S. Army Fires Battle Laboratory, and Pentagon C-UAS group for points of contact and relevant information from various live fire tests and events, such as Black Dart and Maneuver and Fires Integrated Experiment. Contact information from each organization was collected and given to the inquirer for further discussion.

U.S. Army photo by Pvt. James Newsome, 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment
Autonomous Systems

Defining Unmanned Aircraft System Swarms

How do different U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) organizations define unmanned aircraft system (UAS) swarms?

Drone swarming is a debated definition within the DoD community and a term that has varied definitions, depending on the organization discussing it. DSIAC was tasked with collecting how different DoD organizations and U.S. armed services define UAS swarms. DSIAC used open sources, counter-UAS USA conference presentations, and subject matter expert input to collect DoD definitions of a UAS swarm. A report of these findings was delivered to the inquirer.

Digital Thread OV-1 / Image Credit: Dr. Ed Kraft, U.S. Air Forced AEDC/CZ
Advanced Materials RMQSI

U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) and Commercial Digital Thread Efforts

What DoD and Army policy, process, and procedure documents exist that can provide guidance to Army organizations wanting to implement digital thread solutions for all derivatives of manufacturing?

DSIAC subject matter experts (SMEs) at BluePath Labs were tasked to support a manufacturing technology group within the U.S. Army on five different aspects of the technology landscape for digital thread/digital manufacturing:

  1. DoD policy framework and guidance for digital thread/manufacturing
  2. DoD policy framework and guidance on manufacturing cloud initiatives
  3. Current DoD/Services digital thread implementation efforts (how, where, with whom)
  4. Current commercial digital thread efforts to potentially leverage
  5. Potential courses of action for the Army

The SMEs used open-source research techniques, U.S. patent data, U.S. government contracts and grants, and an academic literature review to identify the main companies and researchers engaged in work related to digital thread technology, as well as the main government sponsors of that work.

Weapon Systems

Mortar Systems Information for Professional Development

What publications exist on studies related to mortar systems that could be used for professional development?

DSIAC was asked for publications for professional development on mortar systems and ammunition, specifically for the U.S. Army.  DSIAC conducted literary searches of the DTIC Research and Engineering Gateway, open sources, and DSIAC materials and compiled bibliographies that were delivered to the inquirer.  Finally, previously-completed technical inquiry response reports on mortars and counter-rocket, artillery, and mortar technologies were also delivered.

Autonomous Systems

Radiation Detection Drone Swarming Systems

What systems are available for swarming drone missions to locate and identify radiation?

DSIAC was tasked with locating systems for swarm drone missions and pattern analysis, specifically those involving radiation detection. DSIAC searched open sources for relevant information and contacted subject matter experts (SMEs) from the U.S. Army and Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI) for relevant input. The inquirer was put into contact with a SME from the U.S. Army Combat Capabilities Development Command Armaments Center (CCDC) for further discussion. DSIAC compiled the findings into a response report that was delivered to the inquirer.

DTIC Accession Number: DSIAC-2193208

RMQSI

Prototyping and Early Research and Development

How does prototyping affect defense research, engineering, acquisition, and sustainment?

DSIAC was asked for publications related to research and development prototyping at lower technology readiness levels not associated with rapid prototyping, rapid fielding, innovation, or experimentation. DSIAC subject matter experts (SMEs) recommended sources where they conduct prototyping in support of U.S. government and Department of Defense efforts.

Related to our research efforts, we were asked to review a scholarly paper written by the U.S. Army Research Laboratory Combat Capabilities Development Command’s Office of Strategy Management on prototyping in the acquisition cycle, especially with early research and development activities (6.1/6.2 funding area). DSIAC SMEs reviewed the report and provided feedback, such as a suggestion to address areas related to leading acquisitions in an inherently risk adverse environment and the inherent difference between invention and innovation. In addition, the inquirer was pointed to a U.S. Army article “Evolving Innovation,” co-authored by the DSIAC SME, that won the 2014 U.S. Army article of the year award for additional insight.

Energetics Survivability and Vulnerability Weapon Systems

Information on the 5.8- x 42-mm DBP10 Round

Is there information available on the Chinese 5.8- x 42-mm round?

DSIAC was asked to find information on the Chinese 5.8- x 42-mm/DPB10 cartridge composition, lethality, armor penetration, proliferation of the round, ballistic test data, and comparisons of performance against the 5.56- x 45-mm and 7.62- x 39-mm rounds. DSIAC staff contacted the U.S. Army Combat Capabilities Development Command  Armaments Center, Product Manager Small-Caliber Ammunition; Survivability Lethality Analysis Directorate; Combatting Terrorism Technical Support Office; National Ground Intelligence Center (NGIC); Special Operations Combatant Command (USSOCOM), and small arms/lethality subject matter experts at SURVICE Engineering, NTS-Chesapeake Testing, and Phoenix Defense for relevant information. Open-source information for materials and ballistics comparisons (velocity vs. range) and classified documents with more extensive information on materials and ballistics data were provided to the inquirer.  The inquirer was also connected with an NGIC foreign weapons analyst for further discussions.

Autonomous Systems

U.S. Military Counter-Unmanned Aircraft Systems (C-UAS)

What are the latest counter-unmanned aircraft systems (C-UAS) in the U.S. Armed Forces?

DSIAC was asked to compile the latest counter-unmanned aircraft systems (C-UAS) solutions for the U.S. Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps.  DSIAC reached out to C-UAS subject matter experts at the Joint Improvised-Threat Defeat Organization for relevant systems and was given the SIPRNet address for the collected repository of UAS and C-UAS technologies.  DSIAC searched open sources and the Unmanned Airspace C-UAS database for systems deployed or funded by each of the U.S. Armed Services.  The collected C-UAS solutions were compiled and summarized in a response to the inquirer.

Advanced Materials RMQSI Weapon Systems

Gun Barrel Manufacturing

What manufacturers use hammer forging to produce high-strength alloys for weapon barrels?

DSIAC staff performed open-source searches for manufacturers and/or foundries and mills that produce hammer-forged ingot barrel stock, barrel blanks, or barrels. Then open source searches were done on metallurgical technologies and/or manufacturing processes that improve barrel durability while maintaining accuracy. The findings were compiled in a report detailing general barrel manufacturing processes and benefits and drawbacks of various portions of the process, along with an appendix containing a list of manufacturers using hammer forging to produce gun barrels.