CHRISTOPHER COWARD is a mechanical engineer at the U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL), working on the Survivability/Lethality Analysis Directorate (SLAD) UBB Methodology Development and Analysis Team. He is responsible for planning and execution of technical programs to advance the Army’s UBB M&S methodology, using his expertise in finite element M&S, live-fire test data analysis, and survivability analysis to support the Army test and evaluation community on various ground vehicle programs. Mr. Coward holds a B.S. in mechanical engineering from Virginia Tech and an M.S. in engineering management from the University of Maryland, Baltimore County.