Global military conflicts have historically exposed the deficiencies in soldier and weapon system protection and conversely, the effectiveness of weapons. Thus, rapid advancements in armor technology are typically associated with these global conflicts. For instance, World War I marked the beginning of a rapid evolution in armor systems. The armor during this period was restrictive, bulky, and heavy, and was not commonly used at the time because the materials technology was not sufficiently advanced. However, byWorldWar II, the Army began providing its forces with body armor for protection against shrapnel and munitions fragments, but it failed to protect soldiers from pistol, rifle, and knife threats. As the war continued, soldiers were equipped with improved protection systems; and by the end of the war, they were being suited with armor containing aluminum plates.
Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) have also demonstrated the need for advancements in armor. This article covers some of the armor technologies for soldiers and vehicles that have evolved since the engagement of forces in OIF and OEF as well as those that are in development and use.
March 1, 2010
All Aircraft Survivability Journals published after 2014 were produced under the contract vehicle known as Survivability/Vulnerability Information Analysis Center (SURVIAC). The journal is now created by the Joint Aircraft Survivability Program (JASP).