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Russia, Turkey and the Black Sea A2/AD Arms Race

Russia, Turkey and the Black Sea A2/AD Arms Race
May 8, 2017 | Source: The National Interest, nationalinterest.org, 5 March 2017, Bleda Kurtdarcan and Barın Kayaoğlu

While the Chinese A2/AD “bubble” in the South China Sea gives headaches to the United States and its allies in the Asia-Pacific region, further to the north, the newest Russian “bubble” is about to go online against Japan in the disputed Kuril Islands. Meanwhile, on the other end of Eurasia, in Russia’s Kaliningrad enclave, another A2/AD zone challenges NATO’s position in Eastern Europe.

Now, two more Russian “bubbles” in the Black Sea and Syria are threatening Turkey and NATO’s southeastern flank.

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