Joint Publication 3-07, Joint Doctrine for Military Operations Other Than War, 16 Jun 1995

This publication describes the basic tenets of military operations other than war (MOOTW) — from a general description of all types of operations to planning considerations necessary for effective execution. It serves as the springboard into a series of publications on tactics, techniques and procedures that provide additional detail on the more complex MOOTW.

Participation in MOOTW is critical in the changing international security environment. Although the goals and endstates may not be crystal clear, you should spare no effort in planning and executing MOOTW. Your support of national security interests in today’s challenging environment is as crucial as it is in war.

Scope - This publication explains how military operations other than war (MOOTW) differ from large-scale, sustained combat operations. It addresses purpose, principles, types of operations and planning considerations. A doctrinal basis is provided for related joint tactics, techniques, and procedures (JTTP) publications which address specific types of MOOTW.

Purpose - This publication has been prepared under the direction of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. It sets forth doctrine to govern the joint activities and performance of the Armed Forces of the United States in joint operations as well as the doctrinal basis for US military involvement in multinational and interagency operations. It provides military guidance for the exercise of authority by combatant commanders and other joint force commanders and prescribes doctrine for joint operations and training. It provides military guidance for use by the Armed Forces in preparing their appropriate plans. It is not the intent of this publication to restrict the authority of the joint force commander (JFC) from organizing the force and executing the mission in a manner the JFC deems most appropriate to ensure unity of effort in the accomplishment of the overall mission.


a. Doctrine and guidance established in this publication apply to the commanders of combatant commands, subunified commands, joint task forces, and subordinate components of these commands. These principles and guidance also may apply when significant forces of one Service are attached to forces of another Service or when significant forces of one Service support forces of another Service.

b. The guidance in this publication is authoritative; as such, this doctrine (or JTTP) will be followed except when, in the judgment of the commander, exceptional circumstances dictate otherwise. If conflicts arise between the contents of this publication and the contents of Service publications, this publication will take precedence for the activities of joint forces unless the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, normally in coordination with the other members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, has provided more current and specific guidance. Commanders of forces operating as part of a multinational (alliance or coalition) military command should follow multinational doctrine and guidance ratified by the United States. For doctrine and procedures not ratified by the United States, commanders should evaluate and follow the multinational command’s doctrine and procedures, where applicable.

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